解放军一次买了140万件防弹衣!这释放了什么信号?

时间:2020-03-09     来源:五折网    作者:军武次位面    阅读:5

      【军武次位面】:秦锋买了些十分重要的东西一:大手笔采购近日,虽然全国人民的注意力基本都被抗击疫情的工作吸引了,但是有条消息依旧不胫而走,引发了许多军事爱好者的关注,那就是中国陆军的两条招标公告,中国陆军将采购近140万件防弹衣。

【军武次位面】:秦锋

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

买了些十分重要的东西

一:大手笔采购

近日,虽然全国人民的注意力基本都被抗击疫情的工作吸引了,但是有条消息依旧不胫而走,引发了许多军事爱好者的关注,那就是中国陆军的两条招标公告,中国陆军将采购近140万件防弹衣

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲加强型防弹衣招标公告

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲通用型防弹衣招标公告

中招国际招标有限公司受中国人民解放军陆军装备部委托,公开招标930,000套“通用型防弹背心”配套的插板和467,000套“加强型防弹背心”配套的插板每套包含两块防弹插板,合同最高总限价高达1342032.544万元,约130亿(此处军武菌补充一句:合同最高限价不等于合同采购价,防弹插板实际采购价会低于这个最高限价,并且降幅很大)。此外,公告还明确要求中标生产厂家必须在合同签订后24个月内分批完成全部产品的交付。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲身着新式战术背心的解放军战士

他们的战术背心是未插入防弹板的状态

此公告一出,立刻引起了广大军迷网友的关注和热议。虽然这只是防弹背心配套插板的招标公告,且公告提供的标的数量为预测采购数量,并非最终确定的实际采购数量,但防弹插板必然是与防弹背心配套使用的,公告已经明确指出此次招标的防弹插板配套的是已经在70周年国庆大阅兵中亮相的“单兵综合系统战术背心”

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲国庆大阅兵上亮相的星空迷彩及新型单兵装备

如此庞大的防弹背心插板“预测采购数量”说明解放军陆军对新一代防弹战术背心的需求量非常大。要知道,解放军陆军现役总兵力也不过85万人左右(2013年官方公布的数字,现在应该更少),这还并非全是战斗人员,刨去机关、院校、后勤、科研单位,解放军陆军真正需要使用防弹衣的人员应该不超过70万人。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲对于每天在办公室和试验室上班的军人来讲

是没有使用新式防弹衣的需求的

很显然,近140万套的防弹插板预测采购数量肯定包含了用于补充战损和应急配发的库存备份数量,并且很可能是按照1:1的备份储备比例来分派的(即配发70万套,储备70万套)。

更进一步推测,“加强型防弹背心”很可能是配发给特种兵、侦察兵、步兵、装甲兵等直接作战单位,而“通用型防弹背心”则可能是配发给炮兵、防空兵、作战支援及勤务保障等其他非直接作战单位。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲现在的很多炮兵都是在自行火炮里战斗的

防弹衣只要基础防护就可以了

太大的重量反而会限制其发挥

相信很多关注解放军单兵装备发展,并对解放军上一代单兵装备颇有“恨铁不成钢”之感的军迷朋友已经发现,以此次防弹插板招标为代表的一系列新一代单兵装备招标公告的信息隐含了非常重要的内容——以新一代单兵防护装备的发展为契机,解放军对单兵防护的观念已经发生了重大变化。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲通过19、09两次阅兵的对比也可以发现

单兵装备理念上的巨大变化

接下来,我们就从现代防弹衣的发展讲起,一探解放军单兵防护理念及装备的发展与进步历程,再结合解放军新一代的“单兵综合系统”来分析单兵装备理念进步所带来的深远影响。

对单兵防护装备稍有了解的网友都知道,单兵防护装备不仅包括防弹背心,还有防护头盔、护目镜等“硬防护”装备,及防毒面具、三防服等“软防护”装备,限于篇幅,本文主要就二战以来的现代防弹背心及其配套附件展开讨论。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲除了携防一体的作战背心以外

单兵防护还有很多细小的学问

二、国外现代防弹衣发展的早期历史

要探究解放军单兵防弹背心的发展历程,需要先了解国外防弹衣的发展历程。早在冷兵器时代,古代军队就通过制造和穿着各式铠甲来提高单兵防护水平,以减少士兵伤亡。进入热兵器时代后,诸多盔甲渐渐被淘汰,但人们并没有放弃对单兵防护装备的追求。于是,防弹衣作为一种重要的个人防护装备出现了。最初的“防弹衣”,其实还是整块的金属盔甲,而且相当沉重。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲法国的胸甲骑兵,如果没有马的话

这一大块金属板会严重制约士兵的机动

为了解决金属“防弹衣”难以忍受的重量问题,19世纪末,美国物理学者乔治·古德法罗开始试制丝绸制防弹衣,通过多层棉花或丝绸纤维紧密堆叠来产生防弹效果,这差不多就是现代软质防弹衣的雏形。

此后,随着枪弹威力的提升和第一次世界大战的爆发,丝制防弹衣相对有限的防护能力和昂贵的价格使得军队始终将钢制防(盔)弹(甲)衣作为首选。二战时期,苏军小范围装备了SN-42型钢制突击工兵防弹胸甲。这种防弹衣厚2毫米,重3.5千克,可抵御德军MP-40冲锋枪在100米外发射的9毫米子弹。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲如果没有这件SN-42胸甲

这名苏军士兵就被三颗子弹打死了

SN-42防弹衣虽然保护了很多苏军士兵的生命,让很多德军抓狂,但对野战步兵来说,SN-42的重量还是有点大,并且影响肢体活动,不利于机动。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲胸甲+机枪,一看就是个让德军“头大”的猛人但是很显然

在任何一支军队这样的猛人都是少数

大部分都是普通人

三、美国的先进经验

冷战时期,随着防护材料和技术工艺的进步,防弹衣的发展迎来了全新的阶段。美国自二战末期就开始研制非金属防弹衣,美陆军于1945年开始装备内置铝板的M12防弹衣,随后在朝鲜战争时期研制出M51/M52型防弹衣装备美军,之后又在M52型防弹衣的基础上发展出了多层尼龙防弹材料制成M69型尼龙防弹衣

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲M52型防弹衣

M69防弹衣能有效地保护士兵前后胸、两腰及肩部,士兵穿上防弹背心后仍能自由地活动,M51和M69防弹衣都只能防御破片和部分手枪弹。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲M69型防弹衣

1965年,美军又开发出了VBA(Ground Troops Variable Body Armor)防弹衣,VBA防弹衣最大的特点是在尼龙防弹衣本体上增加了前后插板袋结构,可通过插入氧化铝陶瓷/玻璃纤维复合插板,来大幅提升前胸和后背的防护能力,从而真正实现防御M14自动步枪发射的7.62x51mm M80步枪弹的能力。对当代防弹背心有所了解的网友肯定已经发现,VBA这种可插板结构一直被沿用至今,可谓是现代插板防弹背心的开山之作。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲VBA防弹衣

1983年,美军开始装备基于凯夫拉材料的 PASGT(Personal Armor System for Ground Troops)防弹头盔和防弹衣,并在之后入侵格林纳达的行动中首次用于实战。PASGT防弹背心重约4千克(根据码数大小有所不同),随着凯夫拉材料的更新,PASGT防弹背心防破片的V50值从早期型的485m/s逐步提升到了后期型的510m/s。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲PASGT,可谓是非常经典的美军装备了

所谓“V50值”,就是用质量为1.1克的斜边圆柱体弹丸,在规定距离内以不同的速度射击防弹产品,50%的弹丸击穿,50%不击穿,即达到50%的击穿概率,这时这些子弹的速度的平均值即为该防弹产品的V50值。

进入21世纪,随着单兵防护要求的提高以及防弹衣与战术背心结合理念的出现,PASGT防弹背心也已经无法满足需求。2001年,美军开始大量装备新一代的“拦截者”(Outer Tactical Vest,OTV)防弹背心,并很快投入到阿富汗反恐战争中。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲身穿拦截者的美军士兵

“拦截者”防弹背心的设计比PASGT更合理,不仅可以通过护颈、护肩、护档等防护组件扩大防护面积;还融合了VBA的插板袋设计,可以在前后插入SAPI陶瓷防弹插板。更重要的是,“拦截者”防弹背心通过在前后表面缝制数排名为“molle(Modular Lightweight Load-carrying Equipment:模块化轻量负载装备)”的尼龙织带,实现弹匣包、水壶包、手雷包、防毒面具包等各种单兵附件包的灵活搭配和调整,如此一来,就不需要再为每一个兵种专业专门设计一套防弹背心,同一兵种专业也可以根据任务需求调整自身装备负载。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲molle时代带来的最大好处就是自由的组合

“拦截者”防弹背心虽然集成了全新的防弹携行背心和模块化装备负载理念,但也存在许多局限性。借着“拦截者”开创的局面和各领域的技术发展,现代化防弹背心的发展进入了黄金时期,以美军为代表的军用制式背心迭代速度大幅加快,各种新型防弹背心也如雨后春笋般出现。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲美军介绍IOTV

在装备“拦截者”几年后,美军又开始装备更轻巧并且具有“一拉快速分解”功能的IOTV、FBSE、RBAV、CIRAS等诸多新一代模块化战术背心。与此同时,又催生了一类减少防护面积、突出轻量化特点的PC“轻量化载板背心”,军队、执法机构等单位用户可根据自身需求选择最合适的防弹背心。

发展到现在,短短的十余年间,美国陆军的IOTV防弹背心已经发展了Gen1、Gen2、Gen3、Gen4共四代,轻量化的SPCS防弹背心也发展了Gen1、Gen2两代,而且IOTV和SPCS也已经逐步被更新一代的MSV“模块化可扩展背心”替代。必须承认,美军从“拦截者”到IOTV/SPCS,再到MSV的换代速度是令人叹服的,并且在这个换代过程中,层出不穷的单兵防护与战术携行新理念、新设计,对于全球战术防弹背心的发展都起着引领作用。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲美军士兵测试新型装具

四、解放军防护背心的发展历程

视角回到解放军。根据公开信息,解放军有关后勤研发部门在上世纪50年代末期开始了国产防弹衣的研发工作,当时的主要研发目标是为保卫人员和后勤车队人员提供单兵防护能力。

越南战争爆发后,我国派遣了高炮、运输及工兵部队整建制出国“援越抗美”,这些援越部队经常遭遇美军空袭,担负运送补给的运输车队更是美国飞机攻击的重点目标,美军战机空投的反人员子母弹给援越部队造成了很大威胁。为对付空爆子母弹的高速钢珠和其它弹药破片,解放军后勤部门在60年代末至70年代初期研制出了两种防弹衣并大量提供给越南战场上的中越两国指战员使用,这算是解放军防弹衣的第一次大规模生产。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

80-90年代解放军后勤部门也一直没有停止各类防弹衣的研发工作,但由于各种原因,它们只少量装备了维和部队、公安单位、反恐特战等特定单位,并未大量装备解放军

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲在相当长的一段时间里

防弹衣和大部分解放军战士都是无缘的

解放军广泛装备的第一种防弹衣是总后军需装备研究所研制的2004系列防弹背心。整个2004系列的防弹衣包括:前片材料采用鳞片钢板,后片为“凯夫拉”材料的“步兵作战A型”(该型未量产),完全采用“凯夫拉”作为防弹材料的“步兵作战B型”,在B型的基础上增加护肩、护领和护裆的“步兵作战C型”和炮兵防弹防震背心,步兵作战B型(后文简称为“04B”)防弹背心是在充分吸收之前防护产品的特点后加以不断改进和完善而形成的新一代背心,04A、04C及炮兵背心基本上都是在04B型的基础上发展改进而来。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲04B背心一张很有名的使用图

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲着04B背心进行训练的解放军战士

04B背心本体重量约2千克,防1.1g破片的V50值达到了525m/s。04B背心前后片都设置有可以安放防弹插板的插板袋,可以插入陶瓷防弹插板将防护能力提升到抵御步枪弹的等级。

04B防弹背心的性能虽然已经优于美军PASGT防弹背心,但此时PASGT背心在美军中已经逐步被“拦截者”防弹背心取代,04B相比“拦截者”差距明显,且由于之前使用观念的原因,许多解放军战士在实际训练当中都没有穿防弹衣的习惯

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲在04B配发多年之后

很多部队依旧没有在日常训练中使用防弹衣的习惯

图为朱日和军演

因此,总后军需装备研究所又在04B的基础上研制了2006型特种兵防弹衣,06型防弹背心广泛参考了美军“拦截者”背心的设计,因此两者在外观上相当接近但细节又不同。06型防弹背心在前片布置了尽可能多的molle织带,同时又简化了背片的织带。molle织带的分布比“拦截者”更加合理。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲海军特战部队使用06型防弹衣

执行索马里护航任务

06型防弹背心采用可拆卸的“凯夫拉”防弹内衬及防弹插板设计,防弹内衬的V50值达到了530m/s,插板袋可根据需要选装不同规格和材质的防弹插板,此外还有标配的护颈、护肩及护档防护组件。

就像“拦截者”之于美军,06型防弹背心也是解放军第一种同时集成“携防一体”和模块化负载功能的战术背心。比较遗憾的是,06型主要装备特种部队和少量常规单位,解放军时至今日配发最多的防弹背心还是04B型。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲在已经使用07数码迷彩的04B防弹背心外

加套06式携行具的解放军战士

在2015年9月3日举行的抗战胜利70周年阅兵式上,一种完全不同于04B或06型的新型防弹背心首次亮相。此后,该背心经改进后作为武警单兵作战综合保障系统-15型的一部分被正式命名为“15式武警通用/特战防弹携行背心”(通用型不配额外防护组件)。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲武警部队装备的“15防”

15式武警特战防弹携行背心相比06防弹背心又有了显著进步,不仅将凯夫拉防弹内衬的防护性能提升到了V50值610m/s,而且在06防原有的护颈、护肩及护档组件的基础上增加了护腰组件,覆盖了06防/“拦截者”的腰侧防护盲区,配备全套防护组件(不含插板)的中号15防弹背心全重仅5.1千克左右,不含防护组件时仅重2.8千克左右。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲着15防弹背心的雪豹突击队指战员

15式防弹背心配套的国标6级陶瓷-PE复合插板重量不到2千克,全系统重量相当轻便。15式防弹背心还是第一种具有快拆功能的国产制式防弹携行背心。当然,15式防弹背心也还存在着许多不足,其部分位置固定不牢固,前片腹部和两侧腰挂载能力较低,与美军同期的IOTV Gen3(“IOTV”的“I”即“Improved”,意为“改进”)甚至是更早的RBAV、CIRAS等模块化防弹背心相比,都有着明显的差距。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲2012年,美军101空中突击师的

女性士兵试用IOTV Gen3 防弹背心

此外,15式防弹携行背心的配发量还是太少,其主要装备武警部队,解放军只有部分特战单位、维和部队、热点地区的边防部队等少数单位有装备,15式在解放军的普及率甚至连06防都不如。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲维和部队使用15式防弹背心

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲西南边防一线,某热点地区,我军边防战士使用的15防

虽然15式防弹背心在设计上还有所不足,同世界先进水平差距明显但仅就单兵防护技术领域而言我国已经追上欧美各国的步伐,而且已经成为全球最大的单兵防护装备出口国。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲军武在俄罗斯用全威力步枪弹射击过

中国立泰生产的四级防弹板,其表现良好

B站内搜索“【靶场吃鸡】98K真的那么牛吗?

我拿国产防弹板亲测了一下”即可看到全片

我国不仅早就掌握了正在逐步取代“凯夫拉”材料地位的新一代软质防弹材料——超高分子量聚乙烯(UHMW-PE)和新一代防弹陶瓷——碳化硼的生产工艺,而且也把生产成本控制得很好。甚至连我国的民营生产厂家都早以用约100美元的单价向欧美出口防护等级超过NIJ III级的高性价比防弹插板,我军采购的碳化硅/碳化硼复合防弹插板单价也远低于美军ESAPI。(这也是本文开篇说实际采购价格会远低于最高限价的底气所在),如果有时间的话,大家不妨上淘宝搜一下“防弹板”看一下我国的民营企业已经将这种产品的价格做到了一个什么样的程度,国内国外都已经有很多网友实弹做过中国民企防弹产品的测试了,效果都非常不错。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲类似的实验已经有很多了,有条件的话

大家也可以从淘宝买一块带去国外靶场试试

(带防弹板之前一定要弄明白所在国法律

有些国家视其为违禁品)

虽然名为“单兵综合系统战术背心”的解放军新一代防弹携行背心已经在才过去不到半年的70周年国庆大阅兵中和“星空迷彩作战服”、新一代单兵防护头盔、新一代有托短突击步枪、单兵信息化系统等新一代单兵装备一同亮相,但除了现场视频/照片和几次短暂的采访节目之外,就再无更多关于新一代防弹携行背心的公开信息。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲新一代的单兵装备正越来越多的

出现在作战部队的日常训练当中

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲很多读者可能会抱怨“新式迷彩装备换装速度太慢”

从上一次大规模换装的进度来看,07年虽然就已经发布了

07式迷彩,但是第二年抗震救灾的解放军主力依然着老式迷彩

07替换87用了约3年时间,这一次换装应该也差不多

图为空降15勇士合影

但我们有理由相信,新一代防弹携行背心应该已经解决了15式背心的各项缺点,而且会在防护设计、人机功效、穿脱便利性等各方面更上一层楼。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

而通过此次网传的《通用型/加强型防弹背心(插板)招标公告》,也可以推测,新一代防弹携行背心配套的通用/加强型防弹插板的防护水平也将超过15式背心的水平,与美军最新型防弹插板相当(NIJ IV级)。而且,与06防、15防不同的是,新一代防弹携行背心将会全面装备解放军各作战部队,替代各部队现在使用的04B背心。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

当然,现代防弹衣虽然不是万能的,但确实能大大降低战场上的伤亡率。据调查统计表明,现代战场上火炮、榴弹、火箭、手榴弹及地雷的破片伤比例逐渐增加,占伤亡总数的67%~75%,而且在阵亡人员中,头、胸、腹等致命部位被击中的占82%~87%,远远超过四肢部位被击中的阵亡率。穿防弹衣可使受伤率降低27%,阵亡率降低40%。已经有无数案例和现实的装备计划证明了防弹衣的价值。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲这张表格是美军统计的美陆军士兵

在1942至1945年间的伤亡原因

以上数据单位均为百分比

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲美国特战士兵麦克-戴(Mike Day )2007年

在一场室内战斗当中,被埋伏的武装分子

连续开枪命中整整27次!27发子弹当中,

有11发被麦克-戴的防弹衣拦截其余16发均不致命

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲虽然防弹插板的防护面积有限

但依然能保护住很多重要器官

通过梳理解放军单兵防弹背心的发展历程,我们可以清晰的感受到近年来解放军领导层对单兵防护的观念变化,新时期的解放军领导层对包括单兵防护在内的各项单兵装备的重视程度都远高于历史上任何一个时期,这种重视不仅体现在设计并大量采购功能合理、性能先进的新一代单兵装备系统上,而且体现在解放军各部队的日常训练中。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲着防弹衣进行日常训练的解放军战士

体验过防弹背心穿戴效果的网友,肯定很清楚,防弹背心哪怕是非常人性化的轻量化PC背心,在穿戴配置完整的情况下也是比较沉重和“臃肿”的,和不穿防弹背心时的感觉是大不相同的,初次穿着防弹背心做各种常规战术动作时,几乎都会很不习惯,轻则动作变形,重则还可能造成不必要的训练损失。因此,穿着防弹背心作战也是需要提前训练和适应的。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲目前在我国民间可以买到大量各式各样的

可以容纳防弹插板的“携防一体背心”

很多军事爱好者都体验过

在军改之前,解放军各部队虽然都有库存的防弹背心,而且在历次实战背景的部署(海外维和、边境处突等)行动中也都配发了防弹背心。但在平常的训练中,几乎只有手榴弹实弹投掷等存在直接安全风险的科目防弹背心才会被拿出来套上,在其他常规训练中防弹背心的出场频率是非常低的。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲手雷投掷训练,值得一提的是,防弹背心外面

缠着的那条腰带不是因为防弹背心与身体结合不紧密

而是为了方便教练员在发生危险时拖拽投弹战士

而在军改后,各部队身穿防弹背心进行各项常规战术科目训练的情况越来越常见,虽然穿的多半是早已过时04B防弹背心,但能在常规训练中把防弹背心作为和单兵携行具、步枪一样的“基本配置”来对待,本身就说明了解放军新时期训练大纲的要求提高了,单兵防护理念已经有明显的转变和显著的进步。这种积极的观念变化也将通过训练影响到每一个基层指战员,从而形成由上至下的以人为本、以实战为建设导向的求真务实建军练兵风尚。

<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E8%A7%A3%E6%94%BE%E5%86%9B.html target=_blank ><b>解放军</b></a>一次买了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/140.html target=_blank ><b>140</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%B8%87%E4%BB%B6.html target=_blank ><b>万件</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%98%B2%E5%BC%B9%E8%A1%A3.html target=_blank ><b>防弹衣</b></a>!这<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E9%87%8A%E6%94%BE.html target=_blank ><b>释放</b></a>了<a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88.html target=_blank ><b>什么</b></a><a href=/article/read/m/search/a/index/k/%E4%BF%A1%E5%8F%B7.html target=_blank ><b>信号</b></a>?

▲装备再贵,也是有价的,士兵的生命是无价的

虽然解放军单兵防护(乃至于单兵装备)水平长期落后于国际先进水平,虽然解放军的军费水平还比较有限,虽然时至今日不论在军内还是在民间都广泛存在着防弹衣无用论”、“防弹衣太重太碍事”、“防弹衣防不住步枪子弹”、“防弹衣就算挡住了子弹也会断肋骨伤内脏”等脱离实际的观点……

但这一切的困难,都挡不住解放军追求进步、追赶世界先进水平的脚步,解放军的理念可能会比“世界领先水平”慢半拍,但绝不会止步不前。发展至今,我国的单兵防护技术已经达到了相当高的水平,相信就在不远的未来,解放军在整个单兵战术装备领域都能和外军“先进水平”并驾齐驱。

关键词: 防弹衣   万件   解放军   信号   释放   什么   140   
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